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A Liquid–Liquid Biphasic Homogeneous Organocatalytic Aldol Protocol Based on the Use of a Silica Gel Bound Multilayered Ionic Liquid Phase

  • Autori: Montroni, E.; Lombardo, M.; Quintavalla, A.; Trombini, C.; Gruttadauria, M.; Giacalone, F.
  • Anno di pubblicazione: 2012
  • Tipologia: Articolo in rivista (Articolo in rivista)
  • Parole Chiave: aldehydes; aldol reaction; biphasic catalysis; organocatalysis; ionic liquids
  • OA Link:


An innovative two stage liquid–liquid biphasic homogeneous protocol for the asymmetric organocatalytic aldol reaction is proposed, based on the use of the cis-ion-tagged proline 8 dissolved in the liquid film of a multilayered ionic liquid covalently bonded to silica gel 4. The resulting catalytically active material 9 is first soaked with cyclohexanone in the presence of water, resulting in a semi-transparent gel, then the aldehyde is added and the mixture stirred at RT. In the first stage, 4 acts as a catalyst reservoir that delivers 8 to the cyclohexanone phase allowing the reaction to take place homogeneously. In the second stage, cyclohexanone is removed under vacuum and the resulting slurry is extracted with anhydrous diethylether. Now 4 acts as a catalyst sponge, redissolving 8. Product extraction is extremely selective; no trace of catalyst is detected in the product-containing phase, and 9 can be easily reused several times with high cumulative productivity values (up to 523).