Correlation between longitudinal strain analysis and coronary microvascular dysfunction in patients with heart failure with preserved ejection fraction
- Autori: Sucato V.; Galassi A.R.; Novo S.; Saladino A.; Evola S.; Novo G.
- Anno di pubblicazione: 2020
- Tipologia: Articolo in rivista
- OA Link: http://hdl.handle.net/10447/402437
Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate in patients with microvascular angina and heart failure with preserved ejection fraction, the speckle-tracking echocardiography, and longitudinal myocardial strain to evaluate the possible presence of alterations in heart failure with preserved ejection fraction patients compared with a control population. We also investigated the correlation between the longitudinal strain analysis and the TIMI frame count after coronary angiography. Methods: Our study was performed on a population 41 patients with microvascular angina that underwent coronary angiography and speckle-tracking echocardiography. We divided the sample into two categories: patients with heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (n-21) and patients without heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (n-20). We calculated TIMI frame count indices for each patient based on angiographic images. Results: Patients with heart failure with preserved ejection fraction had reduced global longitudinal strain values (−17.88) compared with the total control population, and this reduction was statistically significant (P =.028). This reduction was more marked in patients who had a significantly increased TIMI frame count. Therefore, a statistically significant correlation was observed between TIMI frame count and global longitudinal strain. Conclusion: Our results show that cardiac contractile mechanics are altered in patients with heart failure with preserved ejection fraction at a subclinical level hard to identifiable with conventional echocardiography. The dysfunction of the microcirculation and the consequent alteration of the TIMI frame count probably results in a reduction of myocardial performance.