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Chemo-enzymatic Conversion of Glucose in 5-Hydroxymethylfurfural: The Joint Effect of Ionic Liquids and Ultrasound

  • Autori: Marullo S.; Sutera A.; Gallo G.; Billeci F.; Rizzo C.; D'Anna F.
  • Anno di pubblicazione: 2020
  • Tipologia: Articolo in rivista
  • OA Link:


For the valorization of lignocellulosic biomass, a key step is unlocking the conversion of glucose to suitable chemical platforms. To this aim, we herein describe the sequential chemo-enzymatic conversion of glucose into 5-hydroxymethylfurfural (5-HMF), in two steps: glucose isomerization to fructose, catalyzed by glucose isomerase (GI) and fructose dehydration to 5-HMF promoted by Amberlyst 15. The novelty of our approach lies in the use of crude cell extracts of Streptomyces coelicolor showing GI activity, as isomerization catalysts, along with a commercial immobilized GI. Under optimized reaction conditions, we obtained a conversion to 5-HMF (C5-HMF) from glucose of 50% in the H2O/[bmim][Cl]0.5[BF4]0.5 1:3 w-w ternary mixture. We also carried out both reactions under sonochemical activation, obtaining a conversion to fructose (Cfructose) of 50% and C5-HMF 74% for the isomerization and dehydration respectively, with a drastic reduction in reaction time and temperature. In this case, the amount of substrate processed was 50 times higher than in silent conditions.