Study of aromatic nucleophilic substitution with amines on nitrothiophenes in RTILs: are the different effects on the behavior of para-like and orto-like isomers on going from conventional solvents to RTILs related to solvation effects?.
- Autori: D'Anna, F.; Frenna, V.; Noto, R.; Pace, V.; Spinelli, D.
- Anno di pubblicazione: 2006
- Tipologia: Articolo in rivista (Articolo in rivista)
- OA Link: http://hdl.handle.net/10447/25468
The kinetics of the nucleophilic aromatic substitution of some 2-L-5-nitrothiophenes (para-like isomers) with three different amines (pyrrolidine, piperidine, and morpholine) were studied in three roomtemperature ionic liquids ([bmim][BF4], [bmim][PF6], and [bm2im][BF4], where bmim ) 1-butyl-3- methylimidazolium and bm2im ) 1-butyl-2,3-dimethylimidazolium). To calculate thermodynamic parameters, a useful instrument to gain information concerning reagent-solvent interactions, the reaction was carried out over the temperature range 293-313 K. The reaction occurs faster in ionic liquids than in conventional solvents (methanol, benzene), a dependence of rate constants on amine concentration similar to that observed in methanol, suggesting a parallel behavior. The above reaction also was studied with 2-bromo-3-nitrothiophene, an ortho-like derivative able to give peculiar intramolecular interactions in the transition state, which are strongly affected by the reaction medium.