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HPV infection in relation to OSCC histological grading and TNM stage. Evalutation by traditional statistics and fuzzy logic model

  • Autori: Campisi, G.; Giovannelli, L.; Calvino, F.; Matranga, D.; Colella, G.; DI LIBERTO, C.; Capra, G.; Leao, J.; LO MUZIO, L.; Capogreco, M.; D'Angelo, M.
  • Anno di pubblicazione: 2006
  • Tipologia: Articolo in rivista (Articolo in rivista)
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We aimed to evaluate if in oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) there is a relationship between histological grading (HG), TNM clinical stage and HPV infection; and to study the performance of fuzzy logic compared to traditional statistics, in the analysis of HPV status and correlates of OSCC. In cross-sectional analysis, the study group comprised 63 patients (mean age 68.89 years (SD ± 11.78), range (32–93); males 28 (44.4%), females 35 (55.6%)) with OSCC histologically diagnosed. HPV-DNA was studied in exfoliated oral epithelial cells by nested PCR (MY09/MY11 and GP5+/GP6+ primers). Data were analysed in parallel by traditional statistics with multivariate analysis and a fuzzy logic (FL) technique (membership functions as input, the ANFIS methodology, and the Sugeno’s model of first order). HPV infection was detected in 24/63 (38.1%) of OSCC, as being HPV+ve 14/36 (38.9%) in G1, 7/18 (38.9%) in G2, and 3/9 (33.3%) in G3; HPV+ve 8/33 (24.2%) in Stage I, 9/12 (75.0%) in Stage II, 6/11(54.5%) in Stage III, and 1/7 (14.3%) in Stage IV. In both methods of analysis, no significantly increased risk of HPV infection was found for any HG score; whereas, TNM stage II was significantly associated to HPV infection (p = 0.004; OR = 9.375 (95% CI = 2.030:43.30); OR0 = 11.148 (95% CI = 1.951:43.30)), and, in particular, to primary tumour size T2 (p = 0.0036; OR = 7.812 (95% CI = 1.914:31.890); OR0 = 9.414 (95% CI = 1.846:48.013)); FL (% of prevision: 79.8; Root MeanSquare Error (RMSE): 0.29). No association was found between HPV infection and any demographical variable. Our findings show an association between HPV infection with TNM (stage II – T2), but not with histological grading of OSCC. Also, FL seems to be an additional effective tool in analysing the relationship of HPV infection with correlates of OSCC. c 2005 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.