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Biochemical aspects of chick embryo retina development: the effects of glucocorticoids

  • Autori: Tesoriere, G.; Vento, R.; Taibi, G.; Calvaruso, G.; Schiavo, M.
  • Anno di pubblicazione: 1989
  • Tipologia: Articolo in rivista (Articolo in rivista)
  • OA Link:


In chick embryo retina during development, DNA synthesis and the activities of DNA polymerase, thymidine kinase, thymidylate synthetase, and ornithine decarboxylase (ODC) declined in parallel from day 7 to 12. The administration in ovo of hydrocortisone reduced significantly, particularly at 8-10 days of incubation, both DNA synthesis and the four enzyme activities tested. The effect was dose dependent, reaching the maximum with 50-100 nmol of hydrocortisone, 8-16 h after treatment. The highest inhibition was found for ODC activity (70%), followed by thymidine kinase activity (62%) and DNA synthesis (45%), whereas activities of DNA polymerase and thymidylate synthetase were reduced only by 30%. The inhibitory effect was exerted by all the glucocorticoids tested, with dexamethasone and hydrocortisone being the most efficacious. The results support the view that glucocorticoids reduce the proliferative events in chick embryo retina, particularly at 8-10 days of embryonic life.