Prognostic significance of standardized AgNOR analysis and Ki-67 immunostaining in gastrointestinal stromal tumors
- Autori: Rodolico, ; Ad, V.; Martorana, A.; Gulotta, G.; Diana, G.; Leonardi, V.; Cocorullo, G.; Ajello, F.
- Anno di pubblicazione: 2003
- Tipologia: Articolo in rivista (Articolo in rivista)
- Parole Chiave: Prognostic significance of standardized AgNOR analysis and Ki-67 immunostaining in gastrointestinal stromal tumors
- OA Link: http://hdl.handle.net/10447/208142
Abstract OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the prognostic utility of argyrophilic nucleolar organizer region (AgNOR) protein parameters and Ki-67-immunostained growth fraction (Ki-67 labelling index) and to correlate AgNORs with Ki-67 LI and the main clinicopathologic parameters in gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs). STUDY DESIGN: On 55 patients with surgically excised GISTs, visualization and quantification of AgNORs were performed as specified in the guidelines of the Committee on AgNOR Quantification. RESULTS: AgNOR protein area (NORA) ≥5.28 μm2 was statistically associated with mitotic rate ≥5x10 high-power fields (hpfs) (P <.001) and presence of necrosis (P <.001); Ki-67 LI ≥9.69% was significantly associated with mitotic rate ≥5 × 10 hpfs (P <.001), size ≥5 cm (P =.033) and presence of necrosis (P <.001). Ki-67 LI and NORA strongly correlated. Preliminary Kaplan-Meier survival analysis showed that an increased value of NORA, Ki-67 LI, mitotic rate, tumor size and presence of necrosis had a negative influence on patient survival. Multivariate regression analysis showed that only NORA and Ki-67 LI were independent parameters in predicting the clinical outcome for patients with GISTs. Mitotic rate and necrosis remained as independent prognostic factors when NORA and Ki-67 LI were not allowed to enter in models. CONCLUSION: AgNOR protein quantity, as determined by image cytometry, and Ki-67 immunostaining seem to represent reliable predictive parameters in GISTs and are independent of mitotic rate, tumor dimension and necrosis.