Laparoscopic, three-port and SILS cholecystectomy: a retrospective study.
- Autori: Agrusa A; Romano G; Cucinella G; Cocorullo G; Bonventre S; Salamone G; Di Buono G; De Vita G; Frazzetta G; Chianetta D; Sorce V; Bellanca G; Gulotta G
- Anno di pubblicazione: 2013
- Tipologia: Articolo in rivista (Articolo in rivista)
- OA Link: http://hdl.handle.net/10447/97430
Introduction. The aim of this study was to compare the results of classic laparoscopic, three-port and SILS cholecystectomy. Materials and methods. We conducted a retrospective study of da- ta collected between January 2010 and December 2012 pertaining to 159 selected patients with symptomatic gallstones. 57 underwent lapa- roscopic cholecystectomy, 51 three-port cholecystectomy and 48 SILS cholecystectomy. We then compared the groups with respect to mean ope- rating time, intraoperative complications, postoperative pain, duration of hospitalization and final aesthetic result. Introduction The first laparoscopic cholecystectomy was carried out in 1987 in France by Philippe Mouret (1). The progressive evolution of the technique has led this procedure to be- come the gold standard in the treatment of symptoma- tic gallstones (2). As the technology improved, many sur- geons began to reduce the number and size of the ports with the aim of achieving ever lower invasiveness, con- sequently reducing trauma and postoperative pain and improving the cosmetic results. There was thus a pro- Results. The mean operating time was significantly higher in the SILS cholecystectomy group (93 minutes) than in the other two groups. There were no intraoperative complications. There were no significant differences in the duration of hospitalization among the three groups. Patients in the SILS cholecystectomy group reported significantly less pain 3, 6 and 12 hours after surgery. The aesthetic results at 1 and 6 months’ follow-up were also decidedly better. Conclusions. On the basis of this study, SILS cholecystectomy is a feasible, safe procedure. In any case, it should be used in selected patients only and carried out by a dedicated team with strong experience in laparoscopy. The main advantages of this technique are a reduction in post-operative pain and improved aesthetic result, at the price, howe- ver, of its greater technical difficulty and longer operating times. Future studies are in any case necessary to evaluate any other benefits of this method.