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Oral contraceptives in the prevention of endometrioma recurrence: does the different progestins used make a difference?

  • Autori: Cucinella, G.; Granese, R.; Calagna, G.; Svelato, A.; Saitta, S.; Tonni, G.; De Franciscis, P.; Colacurci, N.; Perino, A.
  • Anno di pubblicazione: 2013
  • Tipologia: Articolo in rivista (Articolo in rivista)
  • OA Link:


Objective The primary aim of the study was to analyze the endometrioma recurrence rate in patients who under- went laparoscopic excision followed by postoperative long- term regimen of oral contraceptives (OCs). Materials and methods 168 patients who underwent a conservative laparoscopic surgery for endometrioma, dur- ing the period between September 2009 and August 2010 in three university hospitals were studied. A long-term OCs therapy was offered to all women following surgery. Patients were randomly divided into three groups accord- ing to different progestins used (desogestrel, gestodene, dienogest). Women who refused a postoperative hormonal therapy served as control. Follow-up visits and transvaginal scan were planned at 1, 3, 6, 12, and 24 months after surgery. All patients who showed an ultrasound persistence of the endometrioma at 1 month follow-up were excluded from clinical analysis. Results Of the 168 patients, 131 completed the 24 months follow-up. Endometrioma recurrence was found in 21 (12.5 %) of all patients, it was unilateral in 17 cases while bilateral in 4 cases. The rate of recurrent endome- trioma was statistically significant in non-users compared to the long-term OCs treated patients. Conclusion The current data suggest the usefulness of long-term OCs regimen after conservative surgery for the prevention of ovarian endometrioma recurrence. As a sta- tistical significant difference could not be observed between OCs groups, further study on the individual mol- ecules is required in order to really understand the effect of each of them.