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FRANCESCO CAPPELLO

Immunohistochemistry of human Hsp60 in health and disease: From autoimmunity to cancer

  • Autori: Cappello, F.; Conway de Macario, E.; Rappa, F.; Zummo, G.; Macario, A.
  • Anno di pubblicazione: 2018
  • Tipologia: Capitolo o Saggio (Capitolo o saggio)
  • Parole Chiave: Chaperonin Hsp60; Hsp60; Hsp60 and autoimmunity; Hsp60 antibodies; Hsp60 immunohistochemistry; Hsp60 immunostaining; Hsp60 in cancer; Hsp60 in tissues; Hsp60 locations; Molecular mimicry; Molecular Biology; Genetics

Abstract

Hsp60 (also called Cpn60) is a chaperonin with essential functions for cell physiology and survival. Additionally, its involvement in the pathogenesis of a variety of diseases (e.g., some autoimmune disorders and cancer) is becoming evident with new research. For example, the distribution and levels of Hsp60 in cells and tissues have been found altered in many pathologic conditions, and the significance of these alterations is being investigated in a number of laboratories. The aim of this ongoing research is to determine the meaning of these Hsp60 alterations with regard to pathogenetic mechanisms, diagnosis, classification of lesions, and assessing prognosis and response to treatment. Hsp60 occurs in the mitochondria, i.e., its typical residence according to classic knowledge, and also in other locales, such as the cytosol, the cell membrane, the intercellular space, and biological fluids (e.g., blood and cerebrospinal fluid). Detection and quantitative determinations in all these locations are becoming essential components of laboratory pathology in clinics and research. Consequently, immunohistochemistry targeting Hsp60 is also becoming essential for pathologists and researchers interested in disorders involving this chaperonin. In this chapter, we summarize some recent discoveries on the participation of Hsp60 in the pathogenesis of human diseases, and describe in detail how to perform immunohistochemical reactions for detecting the chaperonin, determining its location, and measuring its quantitative levels.

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