Salta al contenuto principale
Passa alla visualizzazione normale.


Laser ultrasonics for defect evaluation on coated railway axles


This scientific paper focuses on the application of an advanced non-destructive technique for an effective inspection of railway axles. The method pertains to ultrasonic techniques, which are widely used in the railway field. The experimental investigation was carried out on simulated defects tooled near the cross section reduction of the axle, in order to simulate fatigue cracks which, due to notch effect, can trigger crack propagation and axle failure. The aim of this research activity is to evaluate how efficiently the proposed technique detects defects and to verify its applicability to axles with a black coating for protection. In view of the experimental setup, comprising a pulsed laser for ultrasonic waves generation and a continuous beam laser plus an interferometer as the receiving unit to measure surface displacements, the presence of a black coating represents a major challenge in terms of signal detection. Nonetheless, defects were detected by collecting all the waves in a B-scan map and data were processed by cross-reading A-scans and B-Scans in correspondence of each defect analysed. Results of the analysis show how very promising and robust the application of the proposed laser ultrasonics technique is in defect detection on painted railway axles.