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Laser-Generated Acoustic Signal Interaction with Surface Flaws on Rail Wheels

  • Autori: Kenderian, S.; Cerniglia, D.; DJORDJEVIC B., B.; GREEN JR, R.
  • Anno di pubblicazione: 2005
  • Tipologia: Articolo in rivista (Articolo in rivista)
  • Parole Chiave: Cracks, laser ultrasound, line source, rail wheel, shadow zone, sound field
  • OA Link:


Long- and short-range acoustic-signal interaction with surface-breaking cracks and geometric boundaries of the rail-wheel tread area are presented in this article. Ultrasonic signals are generated using a laser-line source of varying length and distance from a crack and are detected with a 1-MHz contact transducer to map the sound field behind the crack in the near, intermediate, and far fields of the insonified region. The factors that affect the behavior of a laser-generated surface acoustic wave propagating along the tread area of a rail wheel are discussed. A signal normalization method is proposed to help in sensing the presence of a crack from the transmitted signal unaffected by the boundary effect of the complicated wheel geometry, diffraction of the acoustic wave around the crack tip, and source-to-crack length ratio and separation distance.