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Rail track field testing using laser/air hybrid ultrasonic technique

  • Autori: Kenderian, S.; Cerniglia, D.; Djordjevic, B.; Garcia, G.; Sun, J.; Snell, M.
  • Anno di pubblicazione: 2003
  • Tipologia: Articolo in rivista (Articolo in rivista)
  • Parole Chiave: Air coupled ultrasound; Laser ultrasound; Rail base cracks; Ultrasound; Vertical split head; Materials Science (miscellaneous)
  • OA Link:


Nondestructive testing methods used for the testing of rail in tracks worldwide can be limited by discontinuity location or orientation within the rail. Vertical split head and rail base cracks are among those types of discontinuities that are difficult to detect, which in some cases may result in a reail failure in service. A noncontact and remote hybrid ultrasonic technique has been developed by combining laser generation with air coupled detection of ultrasonic signals in rails. The test apparatus mounts on a railroad pushcart and tests are performed in motion with all components kept above the running surface of the rail track. Tracks have been tested for vertical split head and rail base cracks with high success in detection.