Polymorphonuclear leukocyte membrane fluidity and cytosolic Ca2+ concentration in subjects with vascular atherosclerotic disease subdivided according to the extent.
- Autori: LO PRESTI, R.; TOZZI CIANCARELLI, M.; Canino, B.; Carollo, C.; Lucido, D.; Amodeo, G.; Romano, A.; Caimi, G.
- Anno di pubblicazione: 2006
- Tipologia: Abstract in rivista (Abstract in rivista)
- OA Link: http://hdl.handle.net/10447/25660
An abnormal activation state of polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMN) plays a key role in organ injury induced by vascular atherosclerotic disease (VAD) and diabetes mellitus (DM). PMN membrane fluidity and cytosolic Ca2+ content can be considered markers of PMN activation. In this research we evaluated the PMN membrane fluidity and cytosolic Ca2+ content in VAD subjects with and without type 2 DM and examined the association between these parameters and the mono- or polyvascular localization. We enrolled 155 VAD subjects, including 92 non-diabetic (group A: mean age 63.6 +/- 9.2 years) and 63 diabetic patients (group B: mean age 65.4 +/- 7.8 years). Among group A 63 patients had monovascular and 29 polyvascular disease; among group B 30 patients had monovascular and 22 polyvascular disease. In each patient we evaluated the PMN membrane fluidity labelling the cells with the fluorescent probe 1,4-(trimethylamino)-phenyl-4-phenylhexatriene (TMA-DPH) and the PMN cytosolic Ca2+ content marking the cells with the fluorescent probe Fura 2-AM. PMN membrane fluidity did not discriminate normal subjects from diabetic and non-diabetic VAD subjects, while cytosolic Ca2+ content was increased in both groups. PMN membrane fluidity did not distinguish normal subjects from mono- or polyvascular VAD patients with and without type 2 DM. PMN cytosolic Ca2+ content was increased especially in monovascular VAD patients; both mono- and polyvascular VAD subjects with DM had a PMN cytosolic Ca2+ content higher than normals. Our results show the presence of an increased PMN cytosolic Ca2+ content in diabetic and non-diabetic VAD subjects but no association was observed between this increase and the mono- or polyvascular localization