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Grouping refers to the function of unification and segregation due to factors which account for the fact that the perception of the environment is endowed with order, structures and filled with objects and events among which relations of connection or disjointness hold. Gestalt psychologists provided a wealth of experimental evidence for the specification of the factors and their phenomenological nature, that is their independence from non-perceptual determinants. grouping factors can be discovered through well-defined transformations applied on elements and specified recursively as functional connections. They figure as preferential rules of perceptual grammar.