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Epidemiology and Microbiology of Skin and Soft Tissue Infections: Preliminary Results of a National Registry

  • Autori: Esposito, S.; De Simone, G.; Pan, A.; Brambilla, P.; Gattuso, G.; Mastroianni, C.; Kertusha, B.; Contini, C.; Massoli, L.; Francisci, D.; Priante, G.; Libanore, M.; Bicocchi, R.; Borgia, G.; Maraolo, A.; Brugnaro, P.; Panese, S.; Calabresi, A.; Amendola, G.; Savalli, F.; Geraci, C.; Tedesco, A.; Fossati, S.; Carretta, A.; Santantonio, T.; Cenderello, G.; Crisalli, M.; Schiaroli, E.; Rovere, P.; Masini, G.; Ferretto, R.; Cascio, A.; Colomba, C.; Gioè, C.; Tumbarello, M.; Losito, A.; Foti, G.; Prestileo, T.; Buscemi, C.; Chiara, I.; Iacobello, C.; Sonia, S.; Starnini, G.; Ialungo, A.; Sapienza, M.
  • Anno di pubblicazione: 2018
  • Tipologia: Articolo in rivista (Articolo in rivista)
  • Parole Chiave: Epidemiology; microbiology; registry; skin and soft tissue infections; Oncology; Pharmacology; Pharmacology (medical); Infectious Diseases
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Skin and soft tissue infections (SSTIs) represent a wide range of clinical conditions characterized by a considerable variety of clinical presentations and severity. Their aetiology can also vary, with numerous possible causative pathogens. While other authors previously published analyses on several types of SSTI and on restricted types of patients, we conducted a large nationwide surveillance programme on behalf of the Italian Society of Infectious and Tropical Diseases to assess the clinical and microbiological characteristics of the whole SSTI spectrum, from mild to severe life-threatening infections, in both inpatients and outpatients. Twenty-five Infectious Diseases (ID) Centres throughout Italy collected prospectively data concerning both the clinical and microbiological diagnosis of patients affected by SSTIs via an electronic case report form. All the cases included in our database, independently from their severity, have been managed by ID specialists joining the study while SSTIs from other wards/clinics have been excluded from this analysis. Here, we report the preliminary results of our study, referring to a 12-month period (October 2016–September 2017). During this period, the study population included 254 adult patients and a total of 291 SSTI diagnoses were posed, with 36 patients presenting more than one SSTIs. The type of infection diagnosed, the aetiological micro-organisms involved and some notes on their antimicrobial susceptibilities were collected and are reported herein. The enrichment of our registry is ongoing, but these preliminary results suggest that further analysis could soon provide useful information to better understand the national epidemiologic data and the current clinical management of SSTIs in Italy.