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ANTONIO CASCIO

Efficacy and tolerability of switching to a dual therapy with darunavir/ritonavir plus raltegravir in HIV-infected patients with HIV-1 RNA ≤50 cp/mL

  • Autori: Madeddu, G.; Rusconi, S.; Cozzi lepri, A.; Di Giambenedetto, S.; Bonora, S.; Carbone, A.; De Luca, A.; Gianotti, N.; Di Biagio, A.; Antinori, A.; D’arminio Monforte, A.; Andreoni, M.; Angarano, G.; Antinori, A.; Castelli, F.; Cauda, R.; Di Perri, G.; Galli, M.; Iardino, R.; Ippolito, G.; Lazzarin, A.; Perno, C.; Von Schloesser, F.; Viale, P.; Castagna, A.; Ceccherini silberstein, F.; Cozzi lepri, A.; Girardi, E.; Lo Caputo, S.; Mussini, C.; Puoti, M.; Ammassari, A.; Balotta, C.; Bandera, A.; Bonfanti, P.; Borderi, M.; Calcagno, A.; Calza, L.; Capobianchi, M.; Cingolani, A.; Cinque, P.; Lichtner, A.; Madeddu, G.; Maggiolo, F.; Marchetti, G.; Marcotullio, S.; Monno, L.; Nozza, S.; Quiros Roldan, E.; Rossotti, R.; Rusconi, S.; Santoro, M.; Saracino, A.; Zaccarelli, M.; Fanti, I.; Galli, L.; Lorenzini, P.; Rodano, A.; Shanyinde, M.; Tavelli, A.; Carletti, F.; Carrara, S.; Di Caro, A.; Graziano, S.; Petrone, F.; Prota, G.; Quartu, S.; Truffa, S.; Giacometti, A.; Costantini, A.; Valeriani, C.; Santoro, C.; Suardi, C.; Donati, V.; Verucchi, G.; Minardi, C.; Quirino, T.; Abeli, C.; Manconi, P.; Piano, P.; Cacopardo, B.; Celesia, B.; Vecchiet, J.; Falasca, K.; Sighinolfi, L.; Segala, D.; Mazzotta, F.; Vichi, F.; Cassola, G.; Viscoli, C.; Alessandrini, A.; Bobbio, N.; Mazzarello, G.; Mastroianni, C.; Belvisi, V.; Caramma, I.; Chiodera, A.; Castelli, A.; Rizzardini, G.; Ridolfo, A.; Piolini, R.; Salpietro, S.; Carenzi, L.; Moioli, M.; Tincati, C.; Puzzolante, C.; Gori, A.; Guaraldi, G.; Lapadula, G.; Abrescia, N.; Chirianni, A.; Borgia, G.; Di Martino, F.; Maddaloni, L.; Gentile, I.; Orlando, R.; Cascio, A.; Colomba, C.; Baldelli, F.; Francisci, D.; Parruti, G.; Ursini, T.; Magnani, G.; Ursitti, M.; Vullo, V.; Cristaudo, A.; Baldin, G.; Cicalini, S.; Gallo, L.; Nicastri, E.; Acinapura, R.; Capozzi, M.; Libertone, R.; Savinelli, S.; Latini, A.; Iaiani, G.; Fontanelli Sulekova, L.; Cecchetto, M.; Viviani, F.; Mura, M.; De Luca, A.; Rossetti, B.; Caramello, P.; Orofino, G.; Bonora, S.; Sciandra, M.; Bassetti, M.; Londero, A.; Pellizzer, G.; Manfrin, V.
  • Anno di pubblicazione: 2017
  • Tipologia: Articolo in rivista (Articolo in rivista)
  • Parole Chiave: Antiretroviral therapy; Darunavir/ritonavir; Efficacy; NRTI-sparing regimen; Raltegravir; Tolerability; Microbiology (medical); Infectious Diseases
  • OA Link: http://hdl.handle.net/10447/243751

Abstract

Background: Nucleos(t)ide reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NRTI) toxicity may represent a threat for long-term success of combined antiretroviral therapy. Some studies have suggested a possible improvement of NRTI-related toxicity after switching to NRTI-sparing regimens. Objectives: We aimed to explore the efficacy and tolerability of switching to darunavir/ritonavir (DRV/r) plus raltegravir (RAL) while having a viral load (VL) ≤50 copies/mL in the clinical setting. Study design: Treatment-experienced HIV 1-infected patients enrolled in the ICONA Foundation Study cohort were included if they switched their current regimen to DRV/r + RAL with a HIV-RNA ≤50 copies/mL. Different definitions of virological failure (VF) and treatment failure (TF) were employed. Kaplan–Meier curves and Cox regression models were performed to estimate time to event probability. Results: We included 72 HIV-infected patients, 22 (31%) of these were female, 31 (43%) men who have sex with men (MSM) amd 15 (21%) had hepatitis co-infections. Median age was 44 (IQR: 35-50) years amd CD4 count was 389 (IQR 283-606) cells/mmc. Median follow-up time for TF was 24 (IQR 9–31) months. Twenty-five discontinuations occurred (60% simplifications); only 2 (8%) were toxicity-driven (lipid elevations). The probability of VF (confirmed VL >50 copies/mL) was estimated at 7% [95% confidence interval (CI) 1–13%] by 12 and 9% (95% CI 2–16%) by 24 months. When considering TF, we found a probability of stop/intensification/single VL > 200 copies/mL of 13% (95% CI 1–17%) and 22% (95% CI 11–33%) by 12 and 24 months. Female gender (adjusted relative hazard, ARH = 0.10; 95% CI 0.01–0.74; p = 0.024) and older age (AHR = 0.50 per 10 years older; 95% CI 0.25–0.99; p = 0.045) were associated with a lower risk of TF. A previous PI failure was strongly associated with TF (AHR = 52.6, 95% CI 3.6–779; p = 0.004). Conclusions: DRV/r + RAL is a valuable NRTI-sparing option, especially in female and older patients, with a relatively low risk of VF and good tolerability after 2 years since start in an ART-experienced population. However, previous PI-failure should be a limiting factor for this strategy.