Osteoporosis risk factors in HIV positive women with osteoporosis: A retrospective analysis
- Autori: Serra, N.; LI VECCHI, V.; Soresi, M.; Giannitrapani, L.; Montalto, G.; LO CASTO, A.; Midiri, M.; La Galla, R.; Lo Re, G.; Gambino, A.; DI CARLO, P.; Colomba, C.
- Anno di pubblicazione: 2017
- Tipologia: Articolo in rivista (Articolo in rivista)
- Parole Chiave: Antiretroviral therapy; HIV infected; HIV/HCV infected; Osteoporosis; Osteoporosis risk factors; Pharmacology; Drug Discovery3003 Pharmaceutical Science
Multifactorial risk factors such as HIV/HCV co-infection and antiretroviral therapy (ARV) have been associated with osteoporosis in HIV+ women. We retrospectively analysed which known risk factors were associated with the diagnosis of osteoporosis, according to the WHO definition, in HIV positive women who were followed-up at the AIDS Centre of the University of Palermo, Italy between January 2011 and December 2014. Twenty-one HIV+ women with osteoporosis (13 HIV+ mono-infected and 8 HIV/HCV co-infected females) who underwent dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) and liver stiffness assessment were included in the study. No significant differences between the HIV and HIV/HCV group were found regarding liver stiffness and lumbar/femoral osteoporosis scores. In a univariate analysis, we observed a positive linear correlation between LBD score (Lumbar Bone Density) with pre-fractures (p-value = 0.0082), smoke (p-value = 0.0008), alcohol (p-value < 0.0001) and ARV exposure score (p-value = 0.0039), while there were no significant negative linear correlations. In multivariate analysis, pre-fractures, smoke and alcohol were positive predictors of LBD score, while previous antiretroviral therapy (ARV) (years) score was a negative predictor compared to others. Univariate analysis showed a positive linear correlation between FDB (Femoral Bone Density) with smoke (p-value = 0.0303) and alcohol (p-value = 0.0050), while there were no significant negative linear correlations. In multivariate analysis, alcohol was a positive predictor of FDB score compared to others, while ARV score was a negative predictor compared to others. This preliminary study suggests that other factors besides ARV score and liver fibrosis may affect the skeletal system in osteoporotic women with HIV infection. Some of these factors, such as alcohol and smoking, are modifiable. Additional research into impact on osteoporosis in HIV women with osteoporosis is required.