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  • Authors: M. Marrale; G. Collura; C. Gagliardo; S. Gallo; G. Iacoviello; A. Longo; L. Tranchina; V. Caputo; F. D’Errico; A.M. Gueli; M. Midiri; S. Panzeca; M. Brai
  • Publication year: 2016
  • Type: Abstract in rivista (Abstract in rivista)
  • OA Link:


Introduction: Fricke Xylenol Gel (FXG) dosimetric system is based on the radiation induced oxidation of ferrous to ferric ions. In this kind of gels it can occur that ferrous and ferric ions diffuse in the gel matrix. To preserve the spatial distribution of the dose from diffusion, Fricke gels must be undergoing measurement within a few hours of their irradiation. Thus, the spatial integrity of the dose distribution in the Fricke gel is maintained. The oxidation of ferrous ions also causes a reduction of the longitudinal nuclear magnetic relaxation time which can be measured by means of nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) instrumentation. In this work we performed NMR relaxometry and MR imaging investigations of Fricke Xylenol Gel characterized by gelatinous matrix of Agarose for possible applications in clinical photon beams used for radiation therapy. Materials and Methods: NMR relaxometry measurements were performed using an mq-ProFiler single-side relaxometer (Bruker Biospin). MRI imaging was realized on a 1.5 T Achieva scanner (Philips) with an eight channel head coil. The gels were irradiated in the clinical dose range (0– 20 Gy) with a Siemens Primus Low linear accelerator. Results: The main dosimetric features of the NMR signal were investigated. The linearity of the response with dose was observed. In order to assess the photon sensitivity we analyzed the dependence of NMR relaxation time on radiation dose with varying ferrous ammonium sulfate content inside FXG. The ferrous ammonium sulfate content which maximizes sensitivity is 1.75 mM. Furthermore, signal stability was followed for several days after irradiation. Aldo for MRI analysis the dose calibration curves were obtained also with MRI scanner. Moreover, a depth dose profile was reconstructed. Conclusions: We can conclude that FXG dosimeters with optimal ferrous ammonium sulfate content can be regarded as a valuable dosimetric tool to achieve fast information on spatial dose distribution.