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Influence of increasing convolution kernel filtering on plaque imaging with multislice CT using an ex-vivo model of coronary angiography.

  • Authors: Cademartiri, F.; Runza, G.; Mollet, N.; Luccichenti, G.; Belgrano, M.; Somers, P.; Knaapen, M.; Verheye, S.; Bruining, N.; Hamers, R.; Midiri, M.; De Feyter, P.; Krestin, G.
  • Publication year: 2005
  • Type: Articolo in rivista (Articolo in rivista)
  • Key words: convolution kernel filtering;
  • OA Link:


PURPOSE: To assess the variability in attenuation of coronary plaques with multislice CT-angiography (MSCT-CA) in an ex-vivo model with varying convolution kernels. MATERIALS AND METHODS: MSCT-CA (Sensation 16, Siemens) was performed in three ex-vivo left coronary arteries after instillation of contrast material solution (Iomeprol 400 mgI/ml, dilution: 1/80). The specimens were placed in oil to simulate epicardial fat. Scan parameters: slices 16/0.75 mm, rotation time 375 ms, feed/rotation 3.0 mm, mAs 500, slice thickness 1 mm, and FOV 50 mm. Datasets were reconstructed using 4 different kernels (B30f-smooth, B36f-medium smooth, B46f-medium, and B60f-sharp). Each scan was scored for the presence of plaques. Once a plaque was detected, the operator performed attenuation measurements (HU) in coronary lumen, oil, calcified and soft plaque tissue using the same settings in all datasets. The results were compared with T-test and correlated with Pearson's test. RESULTS: Overall, 464 measurements were performed. Significant differences (p<0.05) were found for the mean attenuation of lumen (B30f/B36f, B30f/B60f, B36f/B46f, B36f/B60f, and B46f/B60f), oil (B30f/B36f, B30f/B46f, B30f/B60f, B36f/B46f, and B46f/B60f), calcium (all kernels), and plaque (B30f/B36f, B30f/B46f, B30f/B60f, and B46f/B60f) using 4 different kernels. The attenuation values (mean+/-SD) within the lumen (246+/-6, 215+/-13, 248+/-5, and 270+/-7), oil (-123+/-3, -127+/-1, -121+/-6, and -127+/-4), calcified plaque tissue (703+/-334, 739+/-364, 817+/-381, and 1181+/-503), and soft plaque tissue (134+/-56, 111+/-49, 120+/-56, and 102+/-41) showed high correlation (p<0.001) when attenuation of all structures were compared in different kernels. CONCLUSIONS: Use of sharper convolution kernels significantly increases the attenuation of the calcium within coronary plaques and reduces the attenuation of soft plaque tissue.