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Intraoperative imaging findings in transcranial MR imaging-guided focused ultrasound treatment at 1.5T may accurately detect typical lesional findings correlated with sonication parameters

  • Authors: Gagliardo, Cesare; Cannella, Roberto; Quarrella, Cettina; D’Amelio, Marco; Napoli, Alessandro; Bartolotta, Tommaso Vincenzo; Catalano, Carlo; Midiri, Massimo; Lagalla, Roberto
  • Publication year: 2020
  • Type: Articolo in rivista
  • OA Link:


Objectives To assess the intraoperative neuroimaging findings in patients treated with transcranial MR-guided focused ultrasound (tcMRgFUS) thalamotomy using 1.5T equipment in comparison with the 48-h follow-up. Methods Fifty prospectively enrolled patients undergoing unilateral tcMRgFUS thalamotomy for either medication-refractory essential tremor (n = 39) or Parkinson tremor (n = 11) were included. Two radiologists evaluated the presence and size of concentric lesional zones (zone I, zone II, and zone III) on 2D T2-weighted sequences acquired intraoperatively after the last high-energy sonication and at 48 h. Sonication parameters including number of sonications, delivered energy, and treatment temperatures were also recorded. Differences in lesion pattern and size were assessed using the McNemar test and paired t test, respectively. Results Zones I, II, and III were visualized in 34 (68%), 50 (100%), and 44 (88%) patients, and 31 (62%), 50 (100%), and 45 (90%) patients after the last high-energy sonication for R1 and R2, respectively. All three concentric zones were visualized intraoperatively in 56–58% of cases. Zone I was significantly more commonly visualized at 48 h (p < 0.001). Diameter of zones I and II and the thickness of zone III significantly increased at 48 h (p < 0.001). Diameters of zones I and II measured intraoperatively demonstrated significant correlation with thermal map temperatures (p ≤ 0.001). Maximum temperature significantly correlated with zone III thickness at 48 h. A threshold of 60.5° had a sensitivity of 56.5–66.7% and a specificity of 70.5–75.5% for thickness > 6 mm at 48 h. Conclusions Intraoperative imaging may accurately detect typical lesional findings, before completing the treatment. These imaging characteristics significantly correlate with sonication parameters and 48-h follow-up.