DIFFERENTIATION AMONG DAIRY PRODUCTS BY COMBINATION OF FAST FIELD CYCLING NMR RELAXOMETRY DATA AND CHEMOMETRICS
- Authors: Piacenza, Elena; Chillura Martino, Delia Francesca; Cinquanta, Luciano; Conte, Pellegrino; Lo Meo, Paolo
- Publication year: 2021
- Type: Articolo in rivista
- Key words: FFC NMR; cheese; chemometrics; dairy products; milk; relaxometry
- OA Link: http://hdl.handle.net/10447/522199
A set of commercial milk and Sicilian cheeses was analysed by a combination of fast-field-cycling (FFC) NMR relaxometry and chemometrics. The NMR dispersion (NMRD) curves were successfully analysed with a mathematical model applied on Parmigiano Reggiano (PR) cheese. Regression parameters were led back to the molecular components of cheeses (water trapped in casein micelles, proteins, and fats) and milk samples (water belonging to hydration shells around dispersed colloidal particles of different sizes, and bulk water). The application of chemometric analysis on relaxometric data enabled differentiating milk from cheeses and revealing differences within the two sample groups of either cheeses or milk samples. Marked differences among cheeses were evidenced by statistical analysis of the sole quadrupolar peaks parameters, suggesting that these contain information on the nature of the milk used during cheese production. Hence, combination of FFC NMR and chemometrics represents a powerful tool to investigate alterations in dairy products.