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Hyper-reticulated calixarene polymers: a new example of entirely synthetic nanosponge materials

  • Authors: Spinella, Alberto; Russo, Marco; Di Vincenzo, Antonella; Chillura Martino, Delia; Lo Meo, Paolo
  • Publication year: 2018
  • Type: Articolo in rivista (Articolo in rivista)
  • Key words: Calixarenes; Nanosponges; Smart materials; Solid-state NMR;
  • OA Link:


New calixarene-based nanosponges (CaNSs), i.e., hyper-reticulated polymers constituted by calixarene monomer units joined by means of bis(1,2,3-trialzolyl) alkyl linkers, were synthesized, characterized and subjected to preliminary tests to assess their supramolecular absorption abilities towards a set of suitable organic guests, selected as pollutant models. The synthesis was accomplished by means of a CuAAC reaction between a tetrakis(propargyloxy) calix[4] arene and an alkyl diazide. The formation of the polymeric network was assessed by means of FTIR and C-13{H-1} CP-MAS solid-state NMR techniques, whereas morphological characterization was provided by SEM microghaphy. The materials were proved to possess pH-dependent sequestration abilities, due to the presence of the weakly basic triazole linkers. Sequestration efficiency indeed depends on the effective occurrence of both electrostatic and hydrophobic interactions between the guest and the polymer lattice. Thus, our CaNS nanosponges can be considered as a new class of purely synthetic smart absorbent materials.