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Sicilian semi- and supercentenarians: age-related Tγδ cell immunophenotype contributes to longevity trait definition

  • Authors: Ligotti, Mattia Emanuela; Accardi, Giulia; Aiello, Anna; Calabrò, Anna; Caruso, Calogero; Corsale, Anna Maria; Dieli, Francesco; Di Simone, Marta; Meraviglia, Serena; Candore, Giuseppina
  • Publication year: 2024
  • Type: Articolo in rivista
  • OA Link:


: The immune system of semi- (from ≥105 to <110 years old) and supercentenarians (≥110 years old), i.e., oldest centenarians, is thought to have characteristics that allow them to reach extreme longevity in relatively healthy status. Thus, we investigated variations of the two principal subsets of Tγδ, Vδ1 and Vδ2, and their functional subsets using the markers defining Tαβ cells, i.e., CD27, CD45RA, in a cohort of 28 women and 26 men (age range 19-110 years), including 11 Long living individuals (from >90 years old to <105 years old), and 8 oldest centenarians (≥105 years old), all of them were previously analysed for Tαβ and NK cell immunophenotypes on the same blood sample collected on recruitment day. Naïve Vδ1 and Vδ2 cells showed an inverse relationship with age, particularly significant for Vδ1 cells. Terminally differentiated T subsets (TEMRA) were significantly increased in Vδ1 but not in Vδ2, with higher values observed in oldest centenarians, although a great heterogeneity was observed. Both naïve and TEMRA Vδ1 and CD8+ Tαβ cells values from our previous study correlated highly significantly, which was not the case for CD4+ and Vδ2. Our findings on γδ TEMRA suggest that these changes are not unfavourable for centenarians, including the oldest ones, supporting the hypothesis that immune ageing should be considered as a differential adaptation rather than a general immune alteration. The increase in TEMRA Vδ1 and CD8+, as well as in NK, would represent immune mechanisms by which the oldest centenarians successfully adapt to a history of insults and achieve longevity.