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How Important Are Genes to Achieve Longevity?

  • Authors: Caruso, Calogero; Ligotti, Mattia Emanuela; Accardi, Giulia; Aiello, Anna; Duro, Giovanni; Galimberti, Damiano; Candore, Giuseppina
  • Publication year: 2022
  • Type: Review essay (rassegna critica)
  • OA Link:


: Several studies on the genetics of longevity have been reviewed in this paper. The results show that, despite efforts and new technologies, only two genes, APOE and FOXO3A, involved in the protection of cardiovascular diseases, have been shown to be associated with longevity in nearly all studies. This happens because the genetic determinants of longevity are dynamic and depend on the environmental history of a given population. In fact, population-specific genes are thought to play a greater role in the attainment of longevity than those shared between different populations. Hence, it is not surprising that GWAS replicated associations of common variants with longevity have been few, if any, as these studies pool together different populations. An alternative way might be the study of long-life families. This type of approach is proving to be an ideal resource for uncovering protective alleles and associated biological signatures for healthy aging phenotypes and exceptional longevity.