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HLA-C1 ligands are associated with increased susceptibility to systemic lupus erythematosus

  • Authors: Gambino, Caterina Maria; Di Bona, Danilo; Aiello, Anna; Carru, Ciriaco; Duro, Giovanni; Guggino, Giuliana; Ferrante, Angelo; Zinellu, Angelo; Caruso, Calogero; Candore, Giuseppina; Accardi, Giulia
  • Publication year: 2018
  • Type: Articolo in rivista (Articolo in rivista)
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Recently, the role of killer cell immunoglobulin-like receptor (KIR) in autoimmune diseases has received increasing attention. The present study was undertaken to determine the association of KIR genes and the human leukocytes antigen (HLA) ligands with Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE) and accompanying oxidative stress. Presence or absence of 17 KIR and 5 HLA loci was performed using the polymerase chain reaction-sequence specific primer (PCR-SSP) method by case-control study. A total of 45 SLE patients, and 60 healthy controls, all of Sicilian descent, were enrolled. Plasma values of the anti-oxidant molecule Taurine were determined in all subjects by capillary electrophoresis UV detection. The carrier frequency of the KIR2DS2 gene was significantly increased in SLE patients compared to healthy controls (73.3 versus 45.0%; OR = 3.36; 95% CI = 1.46-7.74; p = .005) suggesting a role of KIR2DS2 gene in the susceptibility to disease. We also observed a strong positive association between the presence of HLA-C1 ligands group and the disease (82.2% in SLE patients versus 41.7% in controls; OR = 6.47, 95% CI = 2.58-16.26; p < .0001). Stepwise logistic regression analysis supported the effect of the HLA-C1 ligands in SLE patients (OR = 7.06, 95% CI = 0.07-2.19; p = .002), while the KIR genes were no longer significant. Interestingly, we found that SLE patients HLA-C1 positive showed significantly decreased plasma levels of antioxidant activity marker Taurine (69.38 ± 28.49 μmol/L) compared to SLE patients HLA-C1 negative (108.37 ± 86.09 μmol/L) (p = .03). In conclusion, HLA-C1 ligands group was significantly associated with an increased risk of SLE as well as an increased oxidative stress status overall in SLE patients.