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Effect of obesity on left ventricular function studied by radionuclide angiocardiography.

  • Authors: Licata,G; Scaglione,R; Barbagallo,M; Parrinello,G; Capuana,G; Lipari,R; Merlino,G; Ganguzza,A
  • Publication year: 1991
  • Type: Articolo in rivista (Articolo in rivista)
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Several studies have shown a significant association of obesity with cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. The present study was carried out to investigate central and systemic haemodynamics in overweight and moderate obese, but otherwise healthy subjects, and in a lean control group to determine whether obesity can influence left ventricular performance per se. In this study an attempt has been made to eliminate misleading factors, such as diabetes, lipid abnormalities and hypertension. A total of 67 subjects, 44 with overweight or moderate obesity and 23 lean healthy subjects, were included. Patients were divided into three groups according to BMI levels and Garrow's criteria as follows: lean control group (BMI less than 25 kg/m2); overweight (BMI from 25 to 30 kg/m2); moderate obese (BMI greater than 30 less than 40 kg/m2). Overweight and moderate obese subjects were further subgrouped according to duration of obesity (DO) in subgroup A (DO less than 98 months) and in subgroup B (DO greater than 98 months). Haemodynamic assessment was performed using first pass radionuclide angiocardiography. When compared with lean subjects, overweight and moderate obese subjects were characterized by a significant increase in cardiac output (CO), stroke volume (SV), end diastolic volume (EDV), end systolic volume (ESV), total blood volume (TBV) and total plasma volume (TPV) and by a significant decrease in left ventricular ejection fraction (EF); some of these changes appeared to be related to the degree of obesity. In overweight and moderate obese subjects, total peripheral resistance (TPR) was lower than in lean controls, but this difference was not significant.