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FABIO SALVATORE PALUMBO

Blend scaffolds with polyaspartamide/polyester structure fabricated via TIPS and their RGDC functionalization to promote osteoblast adhesion and proliferation

  • Authors: Palumbo, F.; Bongiovi, F.; Carfi Pavia, F.; Vitrano, I.; La Carrubba, V.; Pitarresi, G.; Brucato, V.; Giammona, G.
  • Publication year: 2019
  • Type: Articolo in rivista
  • OA Link: http://hdl.handle.net/10447/377176

Abstract

Target of this work was to prepare a RGDC functionalized hybrid biomaterial via TIPS technique to achieve a more efficient control of osteoblast adhesion and diffusion on the three-dimensional (3D) scaffolds. Starting from a crystalline poly(l-lactic acid) (PLLA) and an amorphous alpha,beta-poly(N-2-hydroxyethyl) (2-aminoethylcarbamate)-d,l-aspartamide-graft-polylactic acid (PHEA-EDA-g-PLA) copolymer, blend scaffolds were characterized by an appropriate porosity and pore interconnection. The PHEA-EDA-PLA interpenetration with PLLA improved hydrolytic susceptibility of hybrid scaffolds. The presence of free amino groups on scaffolds allowed to tether the cyclic RGD peptide (RGDC) via Michael addition using the maleimide chemistry. Cell culture test carried out on preosteoblastic cells MC3T3-E1 incubated with scaffolds, has evidenced cell adhesion and proliferation. Furthermore, the presence of distributed bone matrix on all scaffolds was evaluated after 70 days compared to PLLA only samples.