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Congenital hypopituitarism and multiple midline defects in a newborn with non-familial Cat Eye syndrome

  • Authors: Serra, Gregorio; Giambrone, Clara; Antona, Vincenzo; Cardella, Francesca; Carta, Maurizio; Cimador, Marcello; Corsello, Giovanni; Giuffre, Mario; Insinga, Vincenzo; Maggio, Maria Cristina; Pensabene, Marco; Schierz, Ingrid Anne Mandy; Piro, Ettore
  • Publication year: 2022
  • Type: Articolo in rivista
  • OA Link:


Cat eye syndrome (CES) is a rare chromosomal disease, with estimated incidence of about 1 in 100,000 live newborns. The classic triad of iris coloboma, anorectal malformations, and auricular abnormalities is present in 40% of patients, and other congenital defects may also be observed. The typical associated cytogenetic anomaly relies on an extra chromosome, derived from an inverted duplication of short arm and proximal long arm of chromosome 22, resulting in partial trisomy or tetrasomy of such regions (inv dup 22pter-22q11.2).