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Distal Arthrogryposis type 5 in an Italian family due to an autosomal dominant gain-of-function mutation of the PIEZO2 gene

  • Authors: Serra, Gregorio; Antona, Vincenzo; Cannata, Chiara; Giuffre, Mario; Piro, Ettore; Schierz, Ingrid Anne Mandy; Corsello, Giovanni
  • Publication year: 2022
  • Type: Articolo in rivista
  • OA Link:


Arthrogryposis multiplex congenita (AMC) is a group of clinically and etiologically heterogeneous conditions, characterized by prenatal onset contractures affecting two or more joints. Its incidence is about 1 in 3000 live births. AMC may be distinguished into amyoplasia, distal and syndromic arthrogryposis. Distal arthrogryposis (DA) predominantly affects hands and feet. It is currently divided into more than ten subtypes (DA1, DA2A/B, DA3-10), based on clinical manifestations, gene mutations and inheritance pattern. Among them, only a few patients with DA5 have been reported. It is associated to a gain-of-function pathogenic variant of the PIEZO2 gene, encoding for an ion-channel necessary to convert mechanical stimulus to biological signals and crucial for the development of joints, neuromuscular and respiratory systems. Main clinical features include multiple distal contractures, short stature, ptosis, ophthalmoplegia and, in some cases, restrictive lung disease.