An approach based on wavelet analysis for feature extraction in the electroretinogram
- Authors: BARRACO, RML; PERSANO ADORNO, D; BRAI, M
- Publication year: 2011
- Type: Articolo in rivista (Articolo in rivista)
- Key words: Electroretinogram a-Wave, Photoreceptoral response, Achromatopsia, Wavelet analysis
- OA Link: http://hdl.handle.net/10447/61919
Most biomedical signals are non-stationary. The knowledge of their frequency content and temporal distribution is then useful in a clinical context. The wavelet analysis is appropriate to achieve this task. The present paper uses this method to reveal hidden characteristics and anomalies of the human a-wave, an important component of the electroretinogram since it is a measure of the functional integrity of the photoreceptors. We here analyse the time–frequency features of the a-wave both in normal subjects and in patients affected by Achromatopsia, a pathology disturbing the functionality of the cones. The results indicate the presence of two or three stable frequencies that, in the pathological case, shift toward lower values and change their times of occurrence. The present findings are a first step toward a deeper understanding of the features of the a-wave and possible applications to diagnostic procedures in order to recognise incipient photoreceptoral pathologies.