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Family history to type 2 diabetes influence on body parameters of young soccer players

  • Authors: Bianco, A.; Pomara, F.; Bellafiore, M.; Petrucci, M.; Cacciola, F.; Battaglia, G.; Palma, A.
  • Publication year: 2011
  • Type: Articolo in rivista (Articolo in rivista)
  • Key words: type 2 diabetes – family history – phenotype – soccer players
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The aim of our study was to analyze the difference of phenotype in healthy soccer players with family history of type 2 diabetes and healthy soccer players without family history of type 2 diabetes. The anthropometric parameters and body composition was analysed. The group with positive family history (FH+) had the highest values of wrist circumference (p<0.05) associated with not statistically significant increase of body fat mass and fat free mass. Also, the heart function was analysed. FH+ players had a diastolic basal pressure values higher than other group, but other functional parameters were the same. Analysing lung function indicators, FH+ players showed significant greater FEV1 and FVC values for kilogram of body weight than other group (p<0.01). In conclusion, we can suppose that the family history to type 2 diabetes can induce precocious phenotype variations also in athletes. More great studies are necessary to confirm these data and to verify preventive interventions promoting significant life-style changes in these risk groups.