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Visuospatial attention lateralization in volleyball players and in rowers.

  • Authors: Giglia, G.; Brighina, F.; Zangla, D.; Bianco, A.; Chiavetta, E.; Palma, A.; Fierro, B.
  • Publication year: 2011
  • Type: Articolo in rivista (Articolo in rivista)
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In the present study, differences in visuospatial attention lateralization were evaluated in athletes engaged in open-compared to closed-skill sports and sedentary nonathletes. 23 volleyball players (open skill; Italian national level and regional level), 10 rowers (closed skill, Italian national level), and 23 sedentary participants responded to a computerized line-length judgment task. Five lines, differing in the length of their right and left segments, were randomly presented; the respondent made a forced-choice decision about the respective length of the two segments. Volleyball players responded significantly faster; those at the higher competitive level were also more accurate, making a statistically significantly lower number of leftward errors as compared with rowers and controls. If such responses are due to training rather than self-selection of ability, then the results may suggest the possibility of changing the distribution of visuospatial attention by training in open-skill sports.