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Polychlorinated Biphenyls in Sediments from Sicilian Coastal Area (Scoglitti) using Automated Soxhlet, GC-MS, and Principal Component Analysis

  • Authors: Barreca, S.; Mazzola, A.; Orecchio, S.; Tuzzolino, N.
  • Publication year: 2014
  • Type: Articolo in rivista (Articolo in rivista)
  • OA Link:


A methodology for the PAHs and PCBs congener determination in sediment samples has been revised. We determined the distributions of PAHs and PCBs in the superficial sediments of the Scoglitti (Italy) coastal area to provide data for comparison with other marine systems and to hypothesize the sources. Extraction yield, for PCB, was never less than 60% in most cases, while for PAHs, utilizing perdeuterated surrogate standard (benz[a]anthracene-d12 and anthracene-d10) was never less than 72%. The total concentration of the 16 PAHs investigated, expressed as the sum of concentrations, PAHs, varied from 1–5087 μg/kg of dry matrix, while the PCBs ranged from detection limit to 36 μg/kg of dry matrix. Linear relationships were found between PAHs concentration and organic matter percentages (R2 = 0.60) and water content and organic matter percentages (R2 = 0.87). Isomeric ratios were used for discriminating between pyrolitic and petroleum origin. The principal component analysis (PCA) has been conduced to discriminate the different sampling sites in internal or external harbor area.