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EMILIO NARDI

Electrocardiography for Assessment of Hypertensive Heart Disease: A New Role for an Old Tool

  • Authors: Mule', G.; Nardi, E.; Guarneri, M.; Cottone, S.
  • Publication year: 2016
  • Type: Articolo in rivista (Articolo in rivista)
  • OA Link: http://hdl.handle.net/10447/179192

Abstract

Left ventricular (LV) hypertrophy (LVH), detected either by electrocardiography (ECG) or echocardiography (ECHO), has long been recognized as a powerful predictor of serious cardiovascular (CV) sequelae.A very large and highly consistent body of evidence indicates that LVH is not only an adaptation to increased hemodynamic load in hypertension, but is also independently associated with an enhanced risk for myocardial infarction, cardiac sudden death, congestive heart failure, and stroke in the general population, as well as in patients with systemic hypertension, coronary heart disease, chronic kidney disease, and atrial fibrillation. Intriguingly, the cumulative incidence of cardiovascular events increases progressively with increasing LV mass (LVM), without evidence of any threshold separating the postulated “compensatory” from “pathological” LVH. In other words, patients with LVM in the upper-normal range already have increased risk for CV events.