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Polybutylene Succinate Processing and Evaluation as a Micro Fibrous Graft for Tissue Engineering Applications

  • Authors: Miceli, Giovanni Carlo; Palumbo, Fabio Salvatore; Bonomo, Francesco Paolo; Zingales, Massimiliano; Licciardi, Mariano
  • Publication year: 2022
  • Type: Articolo in rivista
  • OA Link:


A microfibrous tubular scaffold has been designed and fabricated by electrospinning using poly (1,4-butylene succinate) as biocompatible and biodegradable material. The scaffold morphology was optimized as a small diameter and micro-porous conduit, able to foster cell integration, adhesion, and growth while avoiding cell infiltration through the graft's wall. Scaffold morphology and mechanical properties were explored and compared to those of native conduits. Scaffolds were then seeded with adult normal human dermal fibroblasts to evaluate cytocompatibility in vitro. Haemolytic effect was evaluated upon incubation with diluted whole blood. The scaffold showed no delamination, and mechanical properties were in the physiological range for tubular conduits: elastic modulus (17.5 +/- 1.6 MPa), ultimate tensile stress (3.95 +/- 0.17 MPa), strain to failure (57 +/- 4.5%) and suture retention force (2.65 +/- 0.32 N). The shown degradation profile allows the graft to provide initial mechanical support and functionality while being colonized and then replaced by the host cells. This combination of features might represent a step toward future research on PBS as a biomaterial to produce scaffolds that provide structure and function over time and support host cell remodelling.