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Reduced incidence of type 2 diabetes in patients with chronic hepatitis C virus infection cleared by direct-acting antiviral therapy: A prospective study

  • Authors: Adinolfi L.E.; Petta S.; Fracanzani A.L.; Nevola R.; Coppola C.; Narciso V.; Rinaldi L.; Calvaruso V.; Pafundi P.C.; Lombardi R.; Staiano L.; Di Marco V.; Solano A.; Marrone A.; Saturnino M.; Rini F.; Guerrera B.; Troina G.; Giordano M.; Craxi A.; Sasso F.C.
  • Publication year: 2020
  • Type: Articolo in rivista
  • OA Link:


Aim: To assess the effect of hepatitis C virus (HCV) eradication on type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). incidence. Methods: A prospective multicentre case–control study was performed, which included 2426 patients with HCV, 42% of whom had liver fibrosis stage F0-F2 and 58% of whom had liver fibrosis stage F3-F4. The study population consisted of a control group including 1099 untreated patients and 1327 cases treated with direct-acting antivirals (DAAs). T2DM incidence was assessed during a median (interquartile range) follow-up period of 30 (28–42) months. Risk factors for T2DM were assessed using a Cox regression model (relative risk [RR], hazard ratio [HR], Kaplan–Meier analysis). Insulin sensitivity was evaluated by homeostatic model assessment (HOMA) and changes by repeated-measures ANOVA. Factors independently associated with T2DM were assessed by multivariate analysis. Results: The absolute incidence of T2DM for controls and cases was 28 and 7/1000 person-years, respectively (P = 0.001). In cases compared to controls, HCV clearance reduced the RR and HR of T2DM by 81% and 75% to 93%, respectively (P = 0.001). It was calculated that, for every 15 patients who obtained HCV clearance, one case of T2DM was saved. HCV clearance was associated with significant reductions in HOMA-insulin resistance and HOMA-β-cell function and an increase in HOMA-insulin sensitivity, as assessed in 384 patients before and after HCV clearance. At multivariate analysis, HCV clearance emerged as independently associated with a reduced T2DM risk. Conclusion: The results showed that HCV clearance by DAA treatment reduces T2DM incidence probably by restoring the HCV-induced alteration of glucose homeostasis mechanisms.