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VITO DI MARCO

Hepatitis C virus eradication by direct antiviral agents abates oxidative stress in patients with advanced liver fibrosis

  • Authors: Salomone F.; Petta S.; Micek A.; Pipitone R.M.; Distefano A.; Castruccio Castracani C.; Rini F.; Di Rosa M.; Gardi C.; Calvaruso V.; Di Marco V.; Li Volti G.; Grimaudo S.; Craxi A.
  • Publication year: 2020
  • Type: Articolo in rivista
  • OA Link: http://hdl.handle.net/10447/479083

Abstract

Background and aims: HCV eradication improves non-hepatic outcomes such as cardiovascular diseases, although without clearly defined mechanisms. In this study we aimed to assess whether improvement of carotid atherosclerosis may be linked to a reduction in systemic oxidative stress after viral clearance. Methods: We studied a retrospective cohort of 105 patients (age 62.4 ± 11.2 years; 62 men) with F3/F4 fibrosis, characterized by carotid ultrasonography at baseline and at sustained virologic response (SVR) follow-up. Levels of 8-iso-prostaglandin F2α (F2-isoprostanes) and other oxidative stress markers were measured on frozen sera. Association between change (denoted as Δ) in oxidative stress markers (exposures) and change in carotid intima-media thickness (cIMT) (outcome) was examined using multiple linear regression. Results: Subclinical atherosclerosis, defined as the presence of carotid plaque and/or cIMT ≥ 0.9, was present in 72% of the cohort. All patients achieved SVR that led to reduction in cIMT (0.92 ± 0.20 vs 0.83 ± 0.21 mm, P <.001). HCV eradication markedly decreased serum levels of F2-isoprostanes (620.5 [143.2; 1904.1] vs 119.51 [63.2; 400.6] pg/mL, P <.0001), lipid hydroperoxides (13.8 [6.3; 20.7] vs 4.9 [2.3; 9.6] nmol/μl, P <.0001) and 8-hydroxy-2'-deoxyguanosine (558.9 [321.0; 6301.2] vs 294.51 [215.31; 408.95] pg/mL, P <.0001), whereas increased serum GPx activity (10.44 [4.6; 16.3] vs 13.75 [9.42; 20.63] nmol/min/mL, P =.001). By multiple linear regression analysis ΔcIMT was independently associated with ΔF2-isoprostanes (β: 1.746 [0.948; 2.543]; P <.0001) after adjustment for age, baseline F2-isoprostanes and baseline IMT. Conclusions: Besides association of lipid peroxidation with severity of liver disease, the reduction in F2-isoprostanes may be involved in the improvement of atherosclerosis after HCV eradication.