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Survival of patients with HCV cirrhosis and sustained virologic response is similar to the general population.

  • Authors: Bruno S, Di Marco V, Iavarone M, Roffi L, Crosignani A, Calvaruso V, Aghemo A, Cabibbo G, Viganò M, Boccaccio V, Craxí A, Colombo M, Maisonneuve P
  • Publication year: 2016
  • Type: Articolo in rivista (Articolo in rivista)
  • OA Link:


Background & Aims: Life expectancy of patients with compensated hepatitis C virus (HCV) cirrhosis achieving sustained virologic response (SVR) is limited by liver events as compared to the general population. Thus, survival benefit of SVR remains to be measured. Methods: The study includes prospective surveillance data from three cohorts of Italian patients with compensated HCV cirrhosis who achieved SVR on an interferon-based (IFN) regimen, compared to simultaneously observed non-SVR, untreated and decompensated patients. Overall survival was calculated from the date of start of IFN to death. The number of deaths expected during the at-risk period was determined by applying age- and sex-specific mortality rates recorded in Italy for person-years adequate for the enrolment period. The standardized mortality ratio (SMR) determined the relative risk of death over that of the age and sex matched general population. Results: Overall, 28/181 patients followed-up for a median period of 9.6 years (range 1–25 years) died. The 10 and 20-year overall survival rates for the whole series were 90.9% (95% CI, 84.3–94.8) and 62.9% (95% CI, 45.9–75.9), respectively. The number of expected deaths in the corresponding age and sex matched general population was 28.1, corresponding to a SMR = 1.00 (95% CI, 0.72–1.35), with an SMR for non-SVR patients of 3.85 (95% CI, 3.43–4.30), for untreated of 3.01 (95% CI, 2.64–3.42) and for decompensated of 6.70 (95% CI, 5.39–8.22). Conclusions: Patients with compensated HCV cirrhosis achieving SVR by IFN obtain a main benefit levelling their survival curve to that of the general population. Wider applicability of IFN-free regimens will possibly make this achievement more generalizable.