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Comparison of different acquisition patterns for 2D tomographic resistivity surveys


A systematic comparison is presented between some 2D resistivity models and their images by the inversion of synthetic datasets relating to three different arrays, suitable for multichannel data acquisitions (dipole-dipole (DD), Wenner-Schlumberger (WS) and multiple gradient (MG)). The goal is to study how the measurement errors affects the resolution of the tomographic models and the ability to retrieve correct information on buried targets. We considered different data acquisition patterns, gradually increasing the complexity of the combinations of potential spacing and dipolar distance. To this end we increased the number of current dipoles to obtain approximately the same amount of measures, increasing the investigation time. Results from noise-free and noisy data are discussed and compared with those from field data. The results show that: the quality of the inversion models, for a fixed noise level, depends significantly on the data acquisition pattern; the information recovery and the resolution, being equal the number of measurements, is overall better for WS and worse for DD; the decrease of sensitivity with depth is lower for particular acquisition patterns that allow to better resolve deeper targets; the MG array can be preferred because it provides comparable results, using a smaller number of current electrodes.