Biopolymer-Targeted Adsorption onto Halloysite Nanotubes in Aqueous Media
- Authors: Bertolino, V. and Cavallaro, G. and Lazzara, G. and Milioto, S. and Parisi, F.
- Publication year: 2017
- Type: Articolo in rivista (Articolo in rivista)
- OA Link: http://hdl.handle.net/10447/297317
Studies on the adsorption of biopolymers onto halloysite nanotubes (HNTs) in water were conducted. Three polymers with different charges-anionic (pectin), neutral (hydroxypropyl cellulose), and cationic (chitosan)-were chosen. The thermodynamic parameters for the adsorption of polymers onto the HNT surface were determined by isothermal titration calorimetry (ITC). The experimental data were interpreted based on a Langmuir adsorption model. The standard variations in free energy, enthalpy, and entropy of the process were obtained and discussed. Turbidimetry was used to evaluate the stability of functionalized nanoparticles in water. The ζ-potential clarified the surface charge properties of functionalized nanotubes upon polymer adsorption. The interaction of modified nanotubes with polymers led to the formation of a colloidal system with tunable stability and surface properties, which offers different perspectives on new applications of these dispersions, such as carriers for substances to be released in response to external stimuli. © 2017 American Chemical Society.