ACELLULAR PERTUSSIS VACCINE COMPOSED OF GENETICALLY INACTIVATED PERTUSSIS TOXIN: SAFETY AND IMMUNOGENICITY IN 12- TO 24- AND 2-TO 4-MONTH-OLD CHILDREN
- Authors: PODDA A; CARAPELLA DE LUCA E; TITONE L; CASADEI A.M; A. CASCIO; PEPPOLONI S; VOLPINI G; MARSILI I; NENCIONI L; RAPPUOLI R
- Publication year: 1992
- Type: Articolo in rivista
- OA Link: http://hdl.handle.net/10447/415916
To determine whether a nontoxic derivative of pertussis toxin obtained by recombinant DNA technology, PT-9K/129G, is a good candidate for a new pertussis vaccine, we examined the safety and the immunogenicity in children of a vaccine containing 15 micrograms of PT-9K/129G protein and 0.5 mg of aluminum hydroxide per dose. Fifty-three children 12 to 24 months of age and 21 infants aged 2 to 4 months were injected with two and three doses, respectively. The vaccine did not induce significant local or systemic reactions and elicited an increase of antibody titer in more than 98% of the children. The geometric mean of the toxin-neutralizing titers increased after each dose and was 85 units in children given two doses and 196 units in those given three doses. Two children who had detectable antibody levels before the first immunization had a high response (greater than 320 units) to the first vaccine dose. The findings suggest that PT-9K/129G is a promising antigen to be included in the development of acellular pertussis vaccines.