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Perceived stigma in patients affected by psychosis: Is there an impact on relapse?

  • Autori: Sideli, L.; Seminerio, F.; Barone, M.; Mulè, A.; La Cascia, C.; Sartorio, C.; D’Agostino, R.; Ferraro, L.; Tripoli, G.; Francomano, A.; Inguglia, M.; Vassallo, G.; Majorana, C.; La Barbera, D.
  • Anno di pubblicazione: 2016
  • Tipologia: Proceedings (TIPOLOGIA NON ATTIVA)
  • Parole Chiave: STIGMA, PSYCHOSIS
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Introduction The World Health Organization (WHO) considers stigma of mental illness as a crucial problem (WHO, 2001). Stigma contributes to the onset (Morgan et al., 2010) and the outcome of people affected by schizophrenia (Himan, 2015). Objectives To evaluate the perception of patients affected by psychotic disorders of being stigmatized by the community. Aims To compare the perception of stigma among subgroups of patients at different stage of their disorder. Methods Thirty-five patients affected by a first-episode of psychosis (FEP) and 96 patients affected by chronic psychosis were recruited. The Devaluation of Consumers Scale (DCS) and the Devaluation of Consumer Families Scale (DCFS) were administered to assess the perceived public stigma (Struening et al., 2001). The Positive And Negative Schizophrenic Symptoms Scale (PANSS) (Kay et al., 1987) and the Global Assessment of Functioning (GAF) (Goldman et al., 1992) were administered to assess psychotic symptoms and global level of functioning.Results Patients affected by chronic psychosis perceived higher devaluation against mental disorders than patients with a recent onset of psychosis (Mann–Whitney’s U = 910.500, P = 0.017). DCS and DCFS correlated with increased voluntary admissions (Rho = 0.355, P = 0.002; Rho = 0.257, P = 0.029) and DCS with increased compulsory admissions (Rho = 0.349, P = 0.003). Only among chronic patients, DCS factor 2 was related to global level of functioning (Rho = 0.217, P = 0.041). Conclusions Patients affected by chronic psychotic disorders perceived a more pessimistic attitude of the community towards their participation in social and community life and this is related to increased admissions and disability. Disclosure of interest The authors have not supplied their declaration of competing interest.