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CROCETTARACHELE SARTORIO

Identifying gene-environment interactions in schizophrenia: Contemporary challenges for integrated, large-scale investigations

  • Autori: Van Os, J.; Rutten, B.; Myin Germeys, I.; Delespaul, P.; Viechtbauer, W.; Van Zelst, C.; Bruggeman, R.; Reininghaus, U.; Morgan, C.; Murray, R.; Di Forti, M.; Mcguire, P.; Valmaggia, L.; Kempton, M.; Gayer Anderson, C.; Hubbard, K.; Beards, S.; Stilo, S.; Onyejiaka, A.; Bourque, F.; Modinos, G.; Tognin, S.; Calem, M.; O'Donovan, M.; Owen, M.; Holmans, P.; Williams, N.; Craddock, N.; Richards, A.; Humphreys, I.; Meyer Lindenberg, A.; Leweke, F.; Tost, H.; Akdeniz, C.; Rohleder, C.; Bumb, J.; Schwarz, E.; Alptekin, K.; Üçok, A.; Saka, M.; Atbagoǧlu, E.; Gülöksüz, S.; Gumus Akay, G.; Cihan, B.; Karadaǧ, H.; Soygür, H.; Cankurtaran, E.; Ulusoy, S.; Akdede, B.; Binbay, T.; Ayer, A.; Noyan, H.; Karadayi, G.; Akturan, E.; Ulaş, H.; Arango, C.; Parellada, M.; Bernardo, M.; Sanjuán, J.; Bobes, J.; Arrojo, M.; Santos, J.; Cuadrado, P.; Solano, J.; Carracedo, A.; Bernardo, E.; Roldán, L.; López, G.; Cabrera, B.; Cruz, S.; Mesa, E.; Pouso, M.; Jiménez, E.; Sánchez, T.; Rapado, M.; González, E.; Martínez, C.; Sánchez, E.; Olmeda, M.; De Haan, L.; Velthorst, E.; Van Der Gaag, M.; Selten, J.; Van Dam, D.; Van Der Ven, E.; Van Der Meer, F.; Messchaert, E.; Kraan, T.; Burger, N.; Leboyer, M.; Szoke, A.; Schürhoff, F.; Llorca, P.; Jamain, S.; Tortelli, A.; Frijda, F.; Vilain, J.; Galliot, A.; Baudin, G.; Ferchiou, A.; Richard, J.; Bulzacka, E.; Charpeaud, T.; Tronche, A.; De Hert, M.; Van Winkel, R.; Decoster, J.; Derom, C.; Thiery, E.; Stefanis, N.; Sachs, G.; Aschauer, H.; Lasser, I.; Winklbaur, B.; Schlögelhofer, M.; Riecher Rössler, A.; Borgwardt, S.; Walter, A.; Harrisberger, F.; Smieskova, R.; Rapp, C.; Ittig, S.; Soguel Dit Piquard, F.; Studerus, E.; Klosterkötter, J.; Ruhrmann, S.; Paruch, J.; Julkowski, D.; Hilboll, D.; Sham, P.; Cherny, S.; Chen, E.; Campbell, D.; Li, M.; Romeo Casabona, C.; Cirión, A.; Mora, A.; Jones, P.; Kirkbride, J.; Cannon, M.; Rujescu, D.; Tarricone, I.; Berardi, D.; Bonora, E.; Seri, M.; Marcacci, T.; Chiri, L.; Chierzi, F.; Storbini, V.; Braca, M.; Minenna, M.; Donegani, I.; Fioritti, A.; LA BARBERA, D.; LA CASCIA, C.; Mulè, A.; Sideli, L.; Sartorio, C.; Ferraro, L.; Tripoli, G.; Seminerio, F.; Marinaro, A.; Mcgorry, P.; Nelson, B.; Amminger, G.; Pantelis, C.; Menezes, P.; Del Ben, C.; Tenan, S.; Shuhama, R.; Ruggeri, M.; Tosato, S.; Lasalvia, A.; Bonetto, C.; Ira, E.; Nordentoft, M.; Krebs, M.; Barrantes Vidal, N.; Cristóbal, P.; Kwapil, T.; Brietzke, E.; Bressan, R.; Gadelha, A.; Maric, N.; Andric, S.; Mihaljevic, M.; Mirjanic, T.
  • Anno di pubblicazione: 2014
  • Tipologia: Articolo in rivista (Articolo in rivista)
  • OA Link: http://hdl.handle.net/10447/98314

Abstract

Recent years have seen considerable progress in epidemiological and molecular genetic research into environmental and genetic factors in schizophrenia, but methodological uncertainties remain with regard to validating environmental exposures, and the population risk conferred by individual molecular genetic variants is small. There are now also a limited number of studies that have investigated molecular genetic candidate gene-environment interactions (G × E), however, so far, thorough replication of findings is rare and G × E research still faces several conceptual and methodological challenges. In this article, we aim to review these recent developments and illustrate how integrated, large-scale investigations may overcome contemporary challenges in G × E research, drawing on the example of a large, international, multi-center study into the identification and translational application of G × E in schizophrenia. While such investigations are now well underway, new challenges emerge for G × E research from late-breaking evidence that genetic variation and environmental exposures are, to a significant degree, shared across a range of psychiatric disorders, with potential overlap in phenotype. © 2014 The Author.