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Interpreting Connexive Principles in Coherence-Based Probability Logic

  • Autori: Pfeifer, Niki; Sanfilippo, Giuseppe
  • Anno di pubblicazione: 2021
  • Tipologia: Contributo in atti di convegno pubblicato in volume
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We present probabilistic approaches to check the validity of selected connexive principles within the setting of coherence. Connexive logics emerged from the intuition that conditionals of the form emph{If $lsim A$, then $A$}, should not hold, since the conditional's antecedent $lsim A$ contradicts its consequent $A$. Our approach covers this intuition by observing that for an event $A$ the only coherent probability assessment on the conditional event $A|o{A}$ is $p(A|o{A})=0$. Moreover, connexive logics aim to capture the intuition that conditionals should express some ``connection" between the antecedent and the consequent or, in terms of inferences, validity should require some connection between the premise set and the conclusion. This intuition is covered by a number of principles, a selection of which we analyze in our contribution. We present two approaches to connexivity within coherence-based probability logic. Specifically, we analyze connections between antecedents and consequents firstly, in terms of probabilistic constraints on conditional events (in the sense of defaults, or negated defaults) and secondly, in terms of constraints on compounds of conditionals and iterated conditionals. After developing different notions of negations and notions of validity, we analyze the following connexive principles within both approaches: Aristotle's Theses, Aristotle's Second Thesis, Abelard's First Principle and selected versions of Boethius' Theses. We conclude by remarking that coherence-based probability logic offers a rich language to investigate the validity of various connexive principles.