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Investigating Prismatic adaptation effects in handgrip strength and in plantar pressure in healthy subjects

  • Authors: Bonaventura R.E., GiustinoV., Chiaramonte G., Giustiniani A., Smirni D., Battaglia G., Messina G., Oliveri M
  • Publication year: 2020
  • Type: Articolo in rivista
  • OA Link:


Background: Prismatic Adaptation (PA) is a visuomotor procedure inducing a shift of the visual field that has been shown to modulate activation of a number of brain areas, in posterior (i.e. parietal cortex) and anterior regions (i.e. frontal cortex). This neuromodulation could be useful to study neural mechanisms associated with either postural measures such as the distribution of plantar pressure or to the generation of muscle strength. Indeed, plantar pressure distribution is associated to activation of high-level cognitive mechanisms taking place within the posterior regions of the brain dorsal stream, especially of the right hemisphere. Conversely, hand force mostly rely on sensorimotor mechanisms, fulfilled by anterior regions of the brain and involving both hemispheres. Research question: Since PA effects have been reported to affect both sensorimotor and higher level cognitive processes, is it possible to hypothesize a modulation of both hands strenght and plantar pressure after PA? Methods: Forty-six healthy subjects (male=23; mean age=25 ± 3 years) were randomly divided into two groups: a leftward prismatic adaptation group (l-PA) and a rightward prismatic adaptation group (r-PA). Hand strength and plantar pressure were assessed, immediately before and after PA, using the handgrip task and baropodometric measurement, respectively. Results: Both l-PA and r-PA induced a significant decrease of strength in the hand contralateral to the lenses deviation side. Only r-PA was associated with an increase of the forefoot plantar pressure in both feet. Modulation of interhemispheric inhibitory processes at sensorimotor and higher cognitive level may account for the present results. Significance: PA exerts effects on body posture and hand strength relying on different mechanisms. The PA effects on hand strength are probably related to the modulation of interhemispheric inhibition of sensorimotor processes, involving both hemispheres. The PA effects on body posture are probably related to modulation of body representation, involving mainly the right hemisphere.