Analisi delle popolazioni siciliane di Helichrysum: propagazione in vitro e indagini fitochimiche
- Authors: ABBATE MG; RUFFONI B; BISIO A; ROMUSSI G; SCIALABBA A
- Publication year: 2004
- Type: Articolo in rivista
- Key words: Helichrysum, Sicilian, flavonoids, chemotaxonomy, in vitro culture, flavonoids, chemotaxonomy.
- OA Link: http://hdl.handle.net/10447/17369
The Sicilian populations of Helichisum have got a germoplasm from which it is possible to select ornamental plants to be placed in a mediterranean and/or dry climate. The in vitro trials show an attitude for microprapagation and multiplication for commerciaI productions that can be used also for the re·introduction in the natural habitat. The highest multiplication rate belongs to three genotypes: H. hyblaeum (clone S6), H. nebrodense (Clone Cli) and H. rupestre var. rupestre (clone S2, S11). The height and the feature of the vitro plants are pecuIiar for each different clone. The clone S11 is suitable for the production of pot plants or bushes, the clone S2 and S6 for garden edge. The clones S2 and S11 of H. rupestre develop plants which are morphologically well differentiated showing that the wild population is characterized by genetic variability intrapopulation which is reflected phenotypical by variability. The buthanolic extract shows the presence mainly of flavonoidic substances, their distribution inside the sampled populations shows a specific quality pattern which can contribute to taxonomic studies on Helichrysum genus. The richest populations in order or flavonoids can be referred to H. italicum, H. litoreum e H. scandens.