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Dynamic programming and Munkres algorithm for Optimal Photovoltaic Arrays Reconfiguration

  • Autori: RIVA SANSEVERINO, E.; Ngo Ngoc, T.; Cardinale, M.; LI VIGNI, V.; Musso, D.; Romano, P.; Viola, F.
  • Anno di pubblicazione: 2015
  • Tipologia: Articolo in rivista (Articolo in rivista)
  • OA Link:


In this paper, an original formulation of the control problem for optimal PV array reconfiguration, following a Total Cross Tied layout, is proposed. The formulation follows the well-known subset sum problem, which is a special case of the knapsack problem. The reconfiguration is a measure devoted to mitigate the mismatch effect and maximize the output power of small photovoltaic plants under non-homogeneous working conditions. Therefore, reconfiguration means changing the connections of the solar panels adaptively by a dynamic switching matrix. The control system implements an easy dynamic programming algorithm to change the switches layout. The use of the Munkres assignment method in a post-processing module makes the algorithm able to obtain the optimum configuration for which it is possible to balance and minimize the aging of the switches within the switching matrix.