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Life-Cycle Land-Use Requirement for PV in Vietnam

  • Autori: Sanseverino, Eleonora Riva; Cellura, Maurizio; Luu, Le Quyen; Cusenza, Maria Anna; Nguyen Quang, Ninh; Nguyen, Nam Hoai
  • Anno di pubblicazione: 2021
  • Tipologia: Articolo in rivista
  • OA Link:


Over the last 15 years, photovoltaics (PV) in Vietnam has experienced development. The increased installed capacity of PV requires more land for installation sites as well as for manufacturing the plants’ component and waste treatment during the plants’ decommissioning. As a developing country, in which more than 80% of the population’s livelihood depends on agriculture, there are concerns about the competition of land for agriculture and solar development. This paper estimates the life-cycle land-use requirement for PV development in Vietnam, to provide the scientific-based evidence for policy makers on the quantity of land required, so that the land budget can be suitably allocated. The direct land-use requirement for PV ranges from 3.7 to 6.7 m2 MWh−1 year, and the total fenced area is 7.18 to 8.16 m2 MWh−1 year. Regarding the life-cycle land use, the land occupation is 241.85 m2a and land transformation is 16.17 m2 per MWh. Most of the required land area is for the installation of the PV infrastructure, while the indirect land use of the background process is inconsiderable.