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An Analytical Model for PQ Sources in Backward/Forward Methods for Distribution Networks Analysis

  • Autori: Augugliaro, A.; Dusonchet, L.; Favuzza, S.; Ippolito, M.; RIVA SANSEVERINO, E.
  • Anno di pubblicazione: 2004
  • Tipologia: Proceedings (TIPOLOGIA NON ATTIVA)
  • OA Link:


In this paper a model of PQ sources useful for distribution systems analysis is developed. In the considered systems there are, in addition to HV/MV sources, other PQ buses, namely active and reactive power supply nodes (Vδ nodes). The general solution strategy is an iterative forward/backward method, in which the state variables are the node voltages. If it is weakly meshed, the network is turned into radial by means of cuts and compensation currents. After the presentation of the general problem, the equations expressing the unknowns for the PQ nodes are treated in detail. These equations belong to the backward sweep of the algorithm. The methodology has been implemented and applied so as to test its performance in terms of calculation times and precision.